Ken Morris, 1924–1992
For four decades, almost every major Carnival bandleader sought out his skill in metal-work and costume construction. He worked with Harold Saldenah, two generations of Baileys, Bobby Ammon, Cito Velasquez, Stephen Lee Heung, Edmond Hart, and Peter Minshall, and for 14 years he also produced his own band from his Belmont mas camp. Ken Morris, master metal craftsman, brought Carnival and fine art together. His skill and imagination erased the distinction between the two.
He was one of the greatest self-taught artists Trinidad has produced. His entire formal training consisted of one six-month course, but his perfection of the art known as repoussé (the process by which sheet metal is shaped into a sphere or dome by beating from behind) was extraordinary, and his introduction of this technique into Carnival costume design was revolutionary.
Born in 1924 to a mas-making family, Kenwyn Morris learned his craft working alongside his father and mother, first in Duke Street and later at 107B Belmont Circular Road. Those early years, absorbed in the Carnival world of downtown Port of Spain, gave him a head start. “By the time I was about eight years old, I was quite proficient, there was nothing I could not do with beads and wire and bits and pieces like that,” he later said. Before the war, helmets and breastplates for historical mas were fashioned from papier mâché. But one day young Ken had an epiphany: he picked up a brass pot of the kind that was then a common household object, and decided he could beat it into the form of a Carnival breastplate. Copper was relatively cheap; with his work in this metal Morris quickly made a name for himself.
Demand for his skills peaked in the 1950s, with the great historical bands whose themes demanded realistically rendered metalwork. Morris sometimes found himself working for six bands at a time. In 1958, the first time there was a tie for the band of the year title, Morris designed and executed the copper work for both winners, Harold Saldenah’s Atlantis and Bobby Ammon’s Holy War.
In the 1960s and 70s, as first fibreglass then plastic were introduced into costume construction, metalwork gradually disappeared from Carnival. But between 1980 and 1985, Peter Minshall asked Morris to produce various characters and sections for his bands, reviving, if only temporarily, what was considered a dying art. “Long before it was fashionable,” Minshall said, “when mas was naïve and simple, bats and robbers and dragons — Ken Morris knew that there was something in mas that was very profound.”
But, beyond the bounds of Carnival, Morris was long recognised as one of Trinidad’s finest artists. His metal sculptures were prized by collectors, and he executed a number of ambitious private commissions, including a famous 16-foot-long mural for the Trinidad Hilton, on which he collaborated with Carlisle Chang. These works were catalogued in a volume called The Other Gift, published eight years after his death.
Morris always wanted people to recognise that Carnival design was an art — to accept the spectacle in front of their eyes as a genuine, living artistic achievement. He dreamed of reinvigorating Carnival techniques; he wanted young people to learn how “to produce mas rather than just playing it”. You won’t see much copper work in today’s bands, but that isn’t necessarily something Morris would have grieved over. He saw Carnival as a constant process of evolution, “arising to fill the need of its time.” And Ken Morris did as much as anyone else to persuade us that the national festival is built on a foundation of true art.
More in our Trinidad Carnival Artists of the Streets series
- The historian: Harold Saldenah, 1925–1985
- The monarch: George Bailey, 1935–1970
- The copper man: Ken Morris, 1924–1992
- The king-maker: Cito Velasquez, born 1929
- The man of the people: Irvin McWilliams, born 1920
- The admirals: George “Diamond Jim” Harding, 1915–1999; Jason Griffith, born 1927
- The fun-lovers: Edmond Hart, born 1923, and Lil Hart, 1930–1991
- The artist: Carlisle Chang, 1921–2001
- The globetrotter: Stephen Derek, born 1952
- The showman: Wayne Berkeley, born 1940
- The dramatist: Peter Minshall, born 1941
- Bikinis, beads, braids: Epilogue & Credits